What foods cause uric acid to rise?

Uric acid is a chemical compound that is generated in the body as a result of the breakdown of substances called purines, which reach the body through some foods and drinks.

When it’s made, it’s carried in the blood and then passed through the kidneys, where most of it is filtered out and turned into urine. “Normally, 80% of what is produced daily is eliminated through the urine, but if the usual diet has a high content of purines, then a cumulative effect can occur in the blood”, specifies information from the company that provides healthy health.

High levels of uric acid in the blood are called hyperuricemia, says the US National Library of Medicine. This increase can be caused by an unbalanced diet with an excess of red meat, fish, shellfish and fructose.

According to experts, age and sex are also risk factors for this compound to rise, since men under 65 have a four times greater risk than women of suffering from hyperuricemia. Likewise, excessive physical exercise and being overweight can favor this health problem.

Specialists assure that when the level of this compound is very high, gout and kidney stones occur and symptoms such as: pain in the big toe, intense pain and inflammation in the joints, difficulties in urinating, tachycardia, pain in the knees, fatigue and hard lumps can appear in the joints.

The best way to maintain the indicated levels of this substance is to eat a healthy and balanced diet, low in sodium, and exercise regularly.

care with food

According to information from the Salud Mapfre portal, from Spain, there are some foods that have a high level of purines and whose consumption should be completely avoided if people face this condition. These are lamb, goose, partridge, pork, beef, viscera, extracts and meat broths; fish and shellfish such as anchovies, sardines, herring, mackerel, mussels; baker’s and brewer’s yeasts. Seafood should not be eaten fresh or canned.

“Eating beef, pork or lamb two or more times a week increases the risk of suffering a gout event by 50% and consuming tuna and other oily fish one or more times a week increases the risk by 30%,” he says. this website.

There are other foods that can be moderately consumed, such as lentils, beans and peas; vegetables such as asparagus, spinach and mushrooms, which can be eaten about twice a week.

However, spinach, even having a higher concentration of purines than a raw meat fillet, does not increase the risk of the person presenting gout, assures the Salud Mapfre portal. Patients should also consume fish such as salmon, rabbit, venison, and lean parts of lamb in moderation.

Eggs, low-fat dairy, rice, wheat pasta, olives, tofu, and most fruits and vegetables can be eaten every day, even if they have small amounts of purines.

Treatment

When uric acid levels are high, it is important to consult a doctor to follow the indicated treatment, since in many cases the pain can be very annoying.

The specialist may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, if considered appropriate, in order to relieve pain. He may also recommend low-dose drugs at first, which can be increased over time.

According to information from the Better with Health portal, the treatment time can be between six and 12 months. In this period, people should take care of their diet and perform light to moderate intensity physical exercise, but on a regular basis.

In addition to medications, there are also alternatives to relieve the discomfort caused by gout, such as applying cold compresses to sore joints, according to a study conducted by the Universidad de Las Américas in Chile.