What foods can be avoided to combat them?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum. They can be internal, developing inside the rectum, or external, appearing under the skin around the anus, explains the Mayo Clinic, a nonprofit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research.

This health entity points out that “almost three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids have various causes, but often the cause is unknown.


External hemorrhoids: you can have anal itching. It is important to pay attention if there is a lump around the anus area and anal pain when sitting.

Internal hemorrhoids: Have bright red bleeding in your stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet after passing a bowel movement. Another symptom is the expulsion of a hemorrhoid through the anus.

thrombosed hemorrhoids: This happens when blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and forms a clot. This can lead to a hard lump near the anus, inflammation, swelling, and severe pain.

In case of presenting hemorrhoids, it is advisable to consult a doctor to receive the proper diagnosis and treatment.

How to relieve hemorrhoids?

The web portal specialized in health Tua Saude points out that diet can contribute to the treatment of hemorrhoids. “It should contain foods rich in fiber, vegetables and whole grains, as these favor intestinal transit, facilitating the elimination of feces and reducing pain and discomfort,” explains the portal.

It is important to stay hydrated so that the effort to defecate is reduced and to avoid bleeding. Likewise, it is advisable to include foods rich in fibers, because they stimulate the natural movement of the intestine, helping the stool to be easily eliminated.

Some of these foods are:

  • Whole grains such as wheat bran, whole wheat flour, rye, whole grain rice and pasta, oatmeal, amaranth, quinoa.
  • Seeds such as pumpkin, chia, flaxseed, sesame and sesame.
  • Fruits with skin, preferably whole, fresh and raw.
  • Vegetables and vegetables in general.
  • Oilseeds such as peanuts, almonds, walnuts, chestnuts and cashew nuts.

Example 1

Túa Saúde details several examples of meals with these characteristics:


Skim milk + wholemeal bread and 1 teaspoon of homemade fruit jam.

Afternoon snack

1 apple + 1 tablespoon oatmeal flakes + 3 walnuts.

Lunch dinner

Wholemeal pasta with tomato sauce + grilled chicken + salad of lettuce and grated carrot + 1 orange.

Afternoon snack

1 nonfat natural yogurt + 1 teaspoon of flaxseed + 3 chestnuts.

Example #2


Low-fat natural yogurt + 5 whole-grain toast.

Afternoon snack

1 pear + 3 almonds.

Lunch dinner

Cooked potato + grilled heavy + paprika, lettuce and onion salad + 10 grapes.

Afternoon snack

¼ papaya + 1 whole wheat bread with cottage cheese.


Medline Plus, The US National Library of Medicine website recommends various home care treatments for hemorrhoids. It should be noted that it does not replace medical treatment:

  • “Take a stool softener or fiber supplement.
  • Drink enough fluids every day.
  • Do not strain too much during bowel movements.
  • Do not sit on the toilet for long periods of time.
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Take hot baths several times a day to help relieve pain: This can be a regular bath or a sitz bath. For a sitz bath, use a special plastic tub that allows you to sit in a few inches of warm water.
  • Use over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams, ointments, or suppositories to relieve minor pain, swelling, and itching of external hemorrhoids.”