The superfood that provides iron, fiber and helps cardiovascular health

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a very aromatic plant, traditionally used in the kitchen, but to which cosmetic benefits and the health of the organism are also attributed.

It is very versatile and can be found on the market in the form of essential oil, dry to take as an infusion (the famous fennel tea) or decoction, in syrup and powder.

The Nutrition and Pharmacy portal ensures that fennel has pharmacological properties. It has antioxidant properties that contribute to weight loss; it is anti-inflammatory; it has phenolic components; it is a natural expectorant; the leaves contain a great source of fiber, which helps reduce appetite and also contains vitamin C.

An article published in the newspaper The Spanish indicates that especially the seeds of this plant provide a large number of nutrients to the body such as anethole, alpha-pinene and estragole, as well as vitamins B6 and B9. Anethole provides analgesic and neurotropic properties. It also provides estragole, which is an antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory; while alpha-pyrene is recognized for antiseptic and anti-inflammatory benefits.

According to the aforementioned source, some research suggests that anethole is related to anticancer action in breast cancer, decreasing the growth of tumor cells.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture: 100 grams of dried fennel seeds contain 345 calories, 15 grams of fat, 52 grams of carbohydrates, 40 grams of fiber, 120% of the daily recommended amount of calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium and manganese.

The Body Mind portal indicates that this plant stands out for its strength to balance the functions of the digestive system, although it is also an expectorant and anti-inflammatory. Although it is not a miracle plant, the truth is that it can help relieve gastrointestinal spasms.

Cardiovascular health

In addition to antioxidants, fennel has other compounds that are just as beneficial. These are polyphenols, which protect against cardiovascular diseases, points out The Spanish. It also has vasodilator effects that are capable of improving the lipid profile and attenuating the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins.

On the other hand, fennel essential oil has expectorant properties, which helps to contract the tracheal muscle, facilitating expectoration when a person has colds.

Nutrition and Pharmacy indicates that if it is taken as an infusion or tea, after meals it reduces fluid retention in the body, making it a great ally for weight loss. This is due to its diuretic and purifying power. On the other hand, the prebiotic fibers reduce the inflammation of the belly.

Provides iron and fights anemia

Pregnant women are vulnerable to iron loss. Although many plants should be avoided during pregnancy, fennel can be consumed during pregnancy without risk to the mother or the baby.

“This plant reduces iron loss and prevents anemic conditions that can develop during pregnancy,” says Nutrition and Famarcia, but warns that presentations in high concentrations such as fennel essential oils should be avoided. At the same time, do not exceed the recommended dose in teas or infusions during pregnancy.

Finally, another of its benefits is that it can help relieve eyestrain and reduce the swelling caused by conjunctivitis. You can apply the juice of the plant with the help of a gauze on the eyes.

To obtain the various benefits of this plant and within the framework of a balanced and healthy diet, fennel can be added to the daily diet together with meat and fish, to aromatize oils with which salads are dressed; in creams and purees, as well as in salads or stews.