The nutritional needs of people vary depending on various factors, including age. Childhood is a key stage in food processes. Providing children with healthy products, incorporating a variety of foods rich in nutrients and proteins, is essential for their health both now and in the future.
During the early years, a child’s body is in growth and formation, which is why it is more vulnerable to any nutritional deficiency, which can affect not only its body, but also its brain development.
Malnutrition problems in the first eight years of life can have serious and lasting consequences, impeding behavioral and cognitive development, school performance and reproductive health, among other aspects. Therefore, it is key to carry out adequate monitoring and correct habits at this stage.
A study carried out by the University of Granada, in Spain, concludes that a correct diet favors the good psychomotor and cognitive development of minors, in addition to their general health.
Faced with this reality and taking into account that it is often not easy for children to eat the healthiest and most balanced food, experts from Harvard University developed a nutritional guide in which they provide some indications on how parents and guardians of minors can ensure that they provide them with a healthy diet.
For scientists, the most important thing is that children consume the different food categories in a balanced way. His proposal is that 50% of the daily diet be made up of vegetables and fruits of all possible colors.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that people should consume at least 400 grams of these products daily to obtain the health and nutritional benefits, as indicated.
The other half of your child’s daily diet should include whole grains and healthy sources of protein. In the case of whole grains, the researchers refer to whole grains such as wheat, rice or quinoa, which are healthier than refined ones.
As for healthy proteins, scientists suggest including legumes such as lentils, chickpeas, kidney beans, and kidney beans, as well as peas, nuts, and seeds. In addition to this, they should eat animal proteins such as fish, eggs and poultry.
Ideally, children’s diets should avoid processed meats such as sausages, ham, sausages, in addition to limiting red meat.
These products should be limited
On the other hand, although fat is important in the diet, attention must be paid to the type that is provided to children in their diet. As in the diet of adults, the ideal is to use healthy vegetable oils such as virgin olive, canola, corn, sunflower, sesame and peanut and limit the use of butter.
One of the general recommendations of the experts is to limit the consumption of dairy products, which is perhaps one of the most consumed foods by children.. It is recommended to provide them with a moderate daily ration based on milk, natural yogurt or small amounts of cheese and other dairy products without added sugar.
They also suggest saving sugary drinks such as refreshments. It is advisable that they do not drink more than a small glass of juice a day and that they get used to using water as the main drink that accompanies meals.
Finally, in addition to food, experts recommend that children engage in physical activity and in this particular case it should be at least one hour a day.
The Cuídate Plus portal ensures that the food must guarantee the child the fulfillment of their nutritional needs, Therefore, it is convenient that both parents and school canteens get involved in the design of healthy and balanced menus, capable of satisfying the dietary requirements, as well as the tastes of children.