Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
In addition, the entity reported that diabetes is one of the main causes of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, strokes and amputation of lower limbs.
Also, poorly controlled diabetes increases the chances of these complications and premature mortality. In addition, people with diabetes are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and tuberculosis, especially those with poor glycemic control.
In fact, being overweight/obese and being physically inactive are the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Therefore, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use are ways to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
As for food, it must be taken into account that some products raise sugar and the Spanish portal Moncloa revealed that the fruits that should not be consumed if you suffer from this disease are: “watermelons, dried dates, pineapples and overripe bananas” as they are high in sugar.
Other foods that raise insulin in the blood are: chocolates, candies, jams, honey, ice cream, soft drinks, alcohol, sweet cookies, fast food, refined wheat flour, sugary cereals, among others.
However, there are other foods that can be consumed due to their low glycemic index, such as: bulgur, barley, pasta, parboiled rice (transformed), quinoa, whole grain cereal with high fiber content, oatmeal sheets or flakes, carrots, green vegetables non-starchy, apples, oranges, grapes, most nuts, legumes and beans, milk and yogurt.
In any case, before consuming or eliminating any food, the first thing to do is consult a health expert so that he or she can guide the process and indicate what is most appropriate for each person, since the information given above It is in no way a substitute for medical advice.
For its part, regarding regular physical activity, what is recommended by the World Health Organization is to perform moderate aerobic physical activities for at least 150 to 300 minutes or intense aerobic physical activities for at least 75 to 150 minutes, or an equivalent combination of moderate and intense activities throughout the week.
However, if you haven’t been active for a while, start slowly and gradually increase.
On the same line, according to Mayo Clinica non-profit entity dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, exercise lowers the level of glucose in the blood, because it transports it to the cells, where it is used to produce energy.
In addition, exercise also increases insulin sensitivity, which means that the body needs less insulin to transport glucose to the cells.
Similarly, it is ideal to get enough sleep, because according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC for its acronym in English) even a single night of very little sleep can cause the body to use insulin less effectively.
Additionally, it is important to drink water, because less water in the body means that there is a higher concentration of sugar in the blood and the liquid helps with the elimination of waste. However, daily water intake is different for men and women as there are differences in intake, but in general most men need about 13 cups of fluid per day and most women need about nine.
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Extreme hunger.
- Weight loss for no apparent reason.
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that occurs when not enough insulin is available).
- Blurry vision.
- Sores that are slow to heal.
- Frequent infections, such as gum or skin infections, and vaginal infections.