Cholesterol is a natural fatty substance that is present in all the cells of the body and is necessary for their normal functioning. Most of this is produced in the liver, although it is also obtained through food.
According to the Spanish Heart Foundation, this substance is involved in the formation of bile acids, vital for fat digestion, the sun’s rays transform it into vitamin D to protect the skin from chemical agents and prevent dehydration and certain hormones are formed from cholesterol, such as sexual and thyroid hormones.
However, this substance can become a risk factor if its blood levels rise, as it can cause heart and cerebrovascular diseases.
According to the Mayo Clinic clinical research institute, with high cholesterol it is possible for fatty deposits to form in the blood vessels. Over time, these deposits grow and make it more difficult for enough blood to flow through the arteries.
Another situation that can occur is that these deposits break and form a clot that ends up causing a heart attack or stroke.
According to experts, high cholesterol can be inherited, although it is often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, so it can be prevented and treated.
Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and sometimes taking medication can help lower high cholesterol, experts say.
There are foods that can be very favorable to control this condition, while it can help people lose weight, which also helps reduce cholesterol levels.
These are blueberries, which are a fruit rich in antioxidants, vitamins and fibers, whose properties help improve cardiovascular health, protect the liver, control diabetes and there is evidence that they improve cognitive decline and memory, according to the Tua Saúde wellness and health portal.
In the specific case of cholesterol, thanks to the fact that blueberries have antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols and fibers, they can reduce the levels of so-called LDL cholesterol, known as “bad” cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood. This helps reduce the risk of facing cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction.
In parallel, blueberries can help control blood pressure. These fruits contain large amounts of anthocyanins, phytochemicals with antioxidant and antihypertensive properties that act by improving the function of the endothelium, which are the cells that line the inner surface of blood vessels, thus helping to regulate blood flow.
They help in weight loss
These fruits are low in calories and rich in water and nutrients, so they are ideal to be included in diets to lose weight. In addition to that, consuming cranberry juice before or after intense physical activity helps reduce muscle fatigue and repair muscle faster.
Its antioxidant compounds help increase insulin sensitivity, reducing the accumulation of fat in the body. However, it is important to be clear that these fruits alone do not cause weight loss, but must be eaten as part of a healthy diet and regular exercise..
Blueberries can be consumed in different ways, either natural, in juice, in jam, with yogurt or can be used to prepare desserts. It can also be found as a powdered supplement.
This fruit is also ideal for preventing urinary infections, controlling diabetes, improving cognitive ability, preventing cancer, benefiting the intestinal microbiota and helping muscle recovery.