Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces more melanin, the pigment that gives it color. This can make the spots or patches appear darker than the areas around them.
An article published in Medical News Today indicates that some forms of hyperpigmentation, including melasma and sun spots, they are more likely to affect sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, arms, and legs.
This condition can also occur after an injury or inflammation of the skin, such as cuts, burns, acne, or lupus. In these cases, hyperpigmentation can develop anywhere on the body.
Normally an additional pigment in some areas of the skin is usually harmless, but sometimes it can indicate another medical condition, so it is important to follow up and consult specialists in order to avoid possible complications.
To prevent hyperpigmentation or prevent it from becoming more noticeable, it is important to avoid sun exposure. It is recommended to use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more, in order to prevent the spots from darkening. It’s also key not to touch your skin after an injury. Spots, scabs and acne should not be touched.
Food is another aspect to consider. It is important to include a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and liquids. These foods, in addition to containing a large amount of water, have essential nutrients for the body and, among others, help keep the skin hydrated and properly nourished.
The diet must contain the necessary vitamins and minerals that help protect when the skin is exposed to the sun, which happens very often during vacation times, for example.
According to the University Clinic of Navarra, there are some foods that are key to regulating melanin production and avoiding hyperpigmentation. On the list are the fat-soluble vitamins that include foods such as olive oil, fish, nuts and avocado, which contain unsaturated fatty acids, necessary for the skin to be hydrated and properly structured.
Similarly, eggs and whole dairy products are rich in vitamin A, necessary for the renewal of the skin and mucous membranes.
Other products that should be consumed are those rich in vitamin E such as green leafy vegetables, whole grain cereals and nuts, which act against free radicals, which increase due to sun exposure. The intake of these products reduces the risk of the appearance of sun spots.
The aforementioned institution ensures that water-soluble vitamins are also key. Vitamin C, present in fresh and raw fruits and vegetables, is an antioxidant and helps fight free radicals. It also contributes to the production of collagen, achieving smoother skin.
Other important vitamins that should not be lacking in the diet to care for the skin are those of group B, necessary for cell renewal processes. They can be found in meat, fish, shellfish, eggs, dairy products, vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals and nuts.
As for minerals, it is essential for skin care and to avoid spots to consume foods that contain selenium, which has an antioxidant function; and zinc, which promotes skin elasticity by collaborating in the formation of new proteins.
To deal with skin blemishes there are some home remedies that can help. For example, aloe. Aloesin, a compound present in this plant, can alleviate hyperpigmentation, since it works by inhibiting the production of melanin in the skin. Aloe vera gel can be applied directly to the skin daily, notes Medical News Todayalthough it clarifies that there is not enough scientific research on these benefits.
Another natural alternative is licorice extracts. Research suggests that one called glabridin may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and skin-whitening effects. People can use glabridin-containing creams on areas of hyperpigmentation.
Green tea extracts can also improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Science has studied this product for its possible antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.