It is known as the postpartum period to the stage that precedes the birth of the baby, after pregnancy. According to the specialized portal Cinfasalud, It can last up to six weeks, although, sometimes, it lasts longer.
The postpartum period is essential not only for the mother’s recovery, but also for the newborn to obtain the necessary nutrients through breastfeeding. Consequently, it is a process in which food is of vital importance.
Medline Plus, the website of the National Library of Medicine of the United States, details that During the postpartum period, a flow occurs in the intimate area of the woman, known as lochia, which can last up to six weeks. For the first few days, this discharge is red, then turns pinkish and whitish or yellowish. This occurs because the uterus returns to its normal size and may be accompanied by contractions.
Likewise, he notes that in most cases, the bleeding decreases largely during the first week. However, it may not stop completely for several weeks, so it is normal to have an increase in red bleeding around seven to 14 days, when the crust forms over the place where the placenta fell off.
As a result of the effort made during the stages of childbirth, such as birth (exit of the baby) and delivery (time that elapses between the exit of the fetus and the expulsion of the placenta), the process leads to various effects on the body of the mother. woman. For this reason, it is convenient to provide the body with the rest and nutrients necessary to achieve optimal recovery.
Postpartum nutrition, what is recommended to eat?
According to María Marques, maternal and child dietician-nutritionist, quoted by the specialized portal Su Médico, taking care of the postpartum diet is a determining factor for a successful recovery. In addition, it contributes during the period of breastfeeding. In that sense, it specifies that maintaining unhealthy eating habits is negative during this stage.
“When the foods that predominate are processed, sausages, precooked, saturated fats or refined flours, the lack of vitality, worsening of intestinal health and greater slowdown of postpartum recovery become evident,” the expert mentions.
Regarding the most recommended type of diet for the postpartum period, Marques suggests that each dish should contain the basic food groups: fruits, vegetables, proteins, grains and good fats. Additionally, he highlights that it is important not to skip any meal, respecting the schedule of each one of them.
Your postpartum meal plan should include foods rich in vitamins, antioxidant minerals, and protein, such as:
- Fruits and vegetables of any kind: They provide nutrients such as fiber, helping to avoid postpartum constipation.
- Fish and lean meats: They provide the necessary proteins to contribute to the recovery of the mother’s internal tissues and, in addition, they benefit the breastfeeding process.
- Good quality fats: Some options are seeds, nuts and avocado, rich in omega 3, helping to maintain cardiovascular health and favoring the baby’s neurological development.
Foods not recommended for the postpartum period
According to the WebConsultas portal, during the postpartum period it is advisable to avoid other types of food, such as fast food, sugary drinks, chocolate, ice cream, fried foods and sausagessince its contribution is poor in nutrients and high in calories, leading to weight gain.
Similarly, during the postpartum period, it is suggested to avoid alcoholic beverages, stimulants and, in general, foods that are not very nutritious, rich in saturated fats and/or simple sugars. Since the weeks following childbirth are essential for both the mother and the baby, following these recommendations can be useful to prevent health complications.